Armistice Agreement 1953

Whether or not Eisenhower`s threats contributed to nuclear attacks, until July 1953, all parties to the conflict were ready to sign an agreement to end the bloodshed. The ceasefire signed on 27 July set up a committee of representatives from neutral countries to decide the fate of thousands of prisoners of war on both sides. It was eventually decided that prisoners of war could choose their own destiny – to stay where they were or return to their home countries. A new border was drawn between North and South Korea, giving South Korea additional territory and demilitarizing the zone between the two nations. The war claimed the lives of millions of Koreans and Chinese and more than 50,000 Americans. It was a frustrating war for the Americans, accustomed to forcing the unconditional surrender of their enemies. Many also did not understand why the United States had not extended the war to China or used its nuclear arsenal. However, as government officials were well aware, such actions would likely have triggered World War III. South Korea never signed the ceasefire agreement because President Syngman Rhee refused to agree not to unite Korea by force.

[4] [5] China normalized relations and signed a peace treaty with South Korea in 1992. In 1994, China withdrew from the Military Ceasefire Commission, so north Korea and the UN command were essentially the only participants in the ceasefire agreement. [6] [7] In 2011, South Korea said that North Korea had violated the ceasefire 221 times. [8] The signed ceasefire established the ”total cessation of all hostilities in Korea by all armed forces”[2], which was to be implemented by commanders on both sides. However, the ceasefire is only a ceasefire between the armed forces and not an agreement between governments to normalize relations. [32] No formal peace treaty has been signed and normalized relations have not been restored. The ceasefire established the Military Demarcation Line (MDL) and the DMZ. The DMZ was agreed as a 2.5-mile-wide (4.0 km) buffer zone between the two Korean nations. [33] The DMZ is following the Kansas line, where the two sides did clash at the time of the signing of the ceasefire.

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