Bilateral Social Security Agreement Turkey
The agreement between Belgium and Turkey regulates the applicability of the social security legislation of Belgium and Turkey. The agreement between Belgium and Turkey applies to salaried workers, self-employed workers and civil servants. The law of 9 December 2015, which contains the agreement with the Intergovernmental Treaty on Social Security between Belgium and Turkey, was published in the Belgian Official Journal on 13 September 2018. Turkey has signed social security agreements with 28 countries. These agreements are presented in the table below. Only medical benefits: Turkish citizens who are not covered by social security, including children under the age of 18; Pensioners and beneficiaries of unemployment benefits; Homeless and refugees; and foreigners who have been legally resident in Turkey for at least one year. In this regard, the new treaty provides for an exception in the form of a secondment, according to which, if certain conditions are met, a worker working in a contracting state may be mandated by his employer to work in the other contracting state, while he is subject to the social security system of the country of origin for a maximum period of 24 months, with the possibility of an extension of an additional 36 months. Note that the contract sees no way to send independents. Accordingly, those who resort to the provisions of the agreement are considered equivalent in the legislation of the contracting parties of the citizens of that country with regard to rights and interests by a common and essential provision of the agreements. Thus, our citizens employed in the contracting countries and their relatives can benefit from their social security rights under the same conditions as the nationals of that country.
As a result of the social security agreements, our Turkish citizens have the opportunity to exercise their social security rights as a result of the other country`s legislation and acquired with regard to the insurance sectors in the short and long term. In addition to the insured person himself, family members who live with him in the country of work, family members living in Turkey can benefit from this right. The agreement between Belgium and Turkey contains detailed rules for the granting of social security benefits. Since 1 September 2018, the new bilateral social security agreement between Belgium and Turkey has come into force. This new treaty replaces the old 1966 treaty and updates its provisions to reflect both changes in the legislation of the contracting states on social security and the change in the nature of international employment since 1966. This new treaty replaces the old social security contract between Belgium and Turkey – concluded in 1966 – and provides for coordination provisions to protect the social security rights of people subject to the Belgian and/or Turkish social security system during their careers or transferred from one social security system to another. (1) For people registered in the social security system after 1.10.2008. (2) The signatories to the European Convention on Social Security are Austria, Ireland, Belgium, Italy, Greece, Luxembourg, Denmark, Malta, France, the Netherlands, Germany, Norway, Iceland, the United Kingdom, Switzerland, Turkey, Sweden, Spain and Portugal.